Male vs Female Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Thinking about welcoming a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel into your family? You’re in for a treat! I remember when I first considered this, and I couldn’t help but wonder about the differences between males and females. 

But let me assure you, these pups are all about affection and companionship, regardless of their gender.

Yet, it’s worth noting that there are subtle distinctions between male and female Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, which I’m going to cover in detail in this article.

Key Takeaways

  • Male Cavalier King Charles Spaniels generally have a more outgoing and assertive temperament compared to female Cavaliers. They are often more playful and adventurous.
  • Female Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to be more clingy and affectionate. They are also often more nurturing and gentle.
  • Physically, male Cavaliers are generally larger in size and have a more masculine appearance, while females are typically somewhat smaller and have a more delicate look.
  • When it comes to temperament, male Cavaliers may be more prone to exhibiting dominant behavior. Female Cavaliers are usually more consistent in their temperament and can be easier to train.

Physical Differences


The physical differences between male and female Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are quite subtle and may not be readily discernible to an untrained eye. Typically, males are larger, with a weight range of 13-18 pounds and a height of 12-13 inches at the shoulder.

Females, on the other hand, weigh between 10-16 pounds and stand 10-12 inches tall at the shoulder. However, it’s important to note that size can vary depending on genetics and breeding.


Another difference between male and female Cavalier King Charles Spaniels is their coat. Males tend to have a fuller coat with longer hair than females. Their coat can be wavy or straight.

Females tend to have shorter and more refined coats. And as males, their coats can also be wavy or straight.

In terms of color, there is no significant difference between male and female Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. Both genders come in four colors, including black and tan, ruby, Blenheim, and tricolor.

However, some coat colors may be more common in one gender than the other. For example, tricolor coats are more common in females, while Blenheim coats are more common in males.

Temperament Differences

Energy Level

Male Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to be a bit more energetic than females. They may be more playful and active and require a bit more exercise. Females, on the other hand, tend to be a bit more laid-back and may be content with a shorter walk or play session.


Both male and female Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are known for their friendly and sociable nature. Yet, males may be more dominant and assertive, while females may be more affectionate and emotional.

Girls generally exhibit higher sociability towards other pets and strangers compared to boys. This can affect how they play and interact with other dogs, so it’s important to socialize them early and often.

Training Differences


When it comes to trainability, male and female Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are quite similar. Both genders are intelligent and eager to please their owners, which makes them easy to train.

But because of their increased stubbornness, training males tends to be a bit more demanding than training females. This means that they may require more patience and persistence when it comes to obedience training.

On the other hand, female Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are generally more sensitive and responsive to their owner’s commands. In other words, they may be easier to train in some areas, such as housebreaking and basic obedience.

Exercise Needs

Both male and female Cavalier King Charles Spaniels require daily activity to stay healthy and happy. However, much like their trainability, there are differences in their exercise needs that should be taken into consideration.

Boys are more active and energetic than girls; hence, they may require more exercise to burn off excess energy and prevent behavior issues. On the flip side, female Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are generally more laid-back and relaxed. This means that they may be content with shorter walks or play sessions.

At the end of the day, you should adapt your training and exercise schedules to align with your individual dog’s needs and personality. While these are general characteristics of male and female Cavaliers, each dog is unique.

Maintenance Differences


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, regardless of gender, boast long, silky coats that need regular grooming. However, male Cavaliers tend to have thicker coats than females, which can make grooming more time-consuming. You may need to brush your male Cavalier more frequently to prevent matting and tangling.

In addition, male Cavaliers are more prone to marking their territory by urinating on objects, which can lead to a stronger odor and staining on their coat. This means that you may need to bathe your male Cavalier more often than a female.


Male and female Cavaliers have similar nutritional needs, but males tend to have a larger appetite and may require more food. It’s important to monitor your male Cavalier’s weight and adjust their food intake accordingly to prevent obesity.

Besides, male Cavaliers may be more prone to urinary tract issues, so it’s important to choose a high-quality dog food that promotes urinary health. Your veterinarian can recommend a suitable diet for your male Cavalier.

Similarities Between Male and Female Cavaliers

In the realm of similarities between boys and girls of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed, there are numerous common traits. Here are a few attributes you can expect, regardless of your pup’s gender:

Size and Appearance

Male and female Cavaliers are similar in size and appearance. They both have a distinctive, adorable look with big, expressive eyes, a short snout, and long, floppy ears.


Cavaliers are known for being friendly, affectionate, and gentle dogs. Whether male or female, they are typically quite social and enjoy being around people and other animals. They are great family pets and are good with children.


Both male and female Cavaliers have moderate exercise needs. They enjoy daily walks and playtime, but they’re not high-energy dogs that require a lot of exercise. They are happy to snuggle up with you on the couch after a good walk or play session.


Male and female Cavaliers are prone to some of the same health issues, including heart problems, hip dysplasia, and eye conditions like cataracts. It’s important to keep up with regular vet visits and to be aware of any potential health issues that may arise.

Generally, while there are some differences, male and female Cavaliers also have a lot in common. Whether you choose a boy or a girl, you can expect a loyal, loving pet for years to come.

Is it Better to Get a Male or Female Cavalier?

When choosing between a male or female Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, it’s important to remember that both genders can make wonderful companions. Each comes with its own unique characteristics and personalities, but neither is inherently superior to the other.

Ultimately, the choice between a male or female Cavalier should be based on personal preferences and the specific dynamics of your household. Regardless of gender, both are capable of bringing immense joy and companionship to your life. Potential owners can rest assured that they can’t go wrong with either choice.

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